A group of American scientists have suggested creating a lunar “Noah's Ark”, a bio-storage facility, which will house samples of spores, sperm, eggs and seeds from millions of plants and animals.
A similar project currently exists in the Arctic, which is a seed storage facility. The facility contains samples of almost a million food crops. Scientists from the University of Arizona suggest constructing a comparable facility on the Moon. They believe that it's necessary because there could be a global disaster on Earth caused by human error.
It is always cold on the Moon, there is no such thing as earthquakes, and in the event of a disaster on Earth, the Moon would not be affected. Making it the perfect place for the project. They have suggested placing the storage facility in lava tubes hidden under the celestial body's surface. Energy would then be produced from the solar panels on the surface.
The biggest problem with the concept is the difficulty in transporting biosamples to the Moon. According to rough estimates, this could involve at least 250 launches to the Moon, making the project extremely expensive.
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